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How to Diagnose Chronic Kidney Disease

How to Diagnose Chronic Kidney DiseaseCKD as a worldwide disease, it needs to have a specific diagnosis to be treated. However, what is the diagnosis for CKD on earth? Please read the following message to find the answer.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is usually diagnosed through blood and urine test.

1. If you are in a high-risk group for developing CKD, it is important for you to do regular screen. Annual screening is recommended for the following groups:

People with have high blood pressure

People with have diabetes

People regularly take drugs, which may damage the kidneys, such as lithium, calcineurin inhibitors and long-term regular use of painkillers including ibuprofen.

People with cardiovascular disease

People with a family history or an inherited kidney disease, such as polycystic kidney disease

People with blood in the urine or protein in the urine where there is no known cause.

If you are in one of the groups, you may need to do regular tests so as to avoid experiencing CKD.

2. An effective way for chronic kidney disease

An effective way of assessing how well your kidneys are working is to calculate your glomerular filtration rate which is a measurement of how many millilitres of waste fluid your kidneys can filter from the blood in a minute. A healthy pair of kidneys can filter more than 90ml/min.

The doctors usually use a formular to measure Glomerular filtration rate(GFR), which is estimated GFR or GFR. Calculating your GFR, you need to take a blood sample and measure the levels of a waste product called creatinine and consider your age, gender and ethnic group. The result is similar to the percentage of normal kidney function. For instance, an GFR of 50ml/min equates to 50% kidney function.

However, GFR can fluctuate, so one abnormal test result does not mean you have experienced CKD. If repeated GFR tests show your GFR is lower than normal over three months, a diagnosis of CKD is usually only confirmed.

3. Other tests

A number of other tests are also used to assess how much your kidneys are damaged, including,

Urine tests- this is used to diagnose whether there is blood or protein in your urine.

Kidney scans, such as ultrasound scan, a magnetic resonance imaging scan or a computerised tomography scan- this is used to find out whether there are unusual blockages in your urine flow. When kidney disease is in an advanced state, the kidneys are shrunken and have an uneven shape.

Kidney biopsy-a small sample of kidney tissue is taken so that the cells can be examined under a microscope for damage.

The above-mentioned are the common tests for CKD. If you are doubtful whether you have CKD or not, you can go to hospital for a complete check up in these tests. After all, once delay the disease, as a result, you will need more time to treat it. If you have any problem to consult, please feel free to contact us.

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