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Reasonabel Dietary Plan For Diabetic Nephropathy Patients

Reasonabel Dietary Plan For Diabetic Nephropathy PatientsDiet is an essential part of treatment for diabetic nephropathy and any kidney disease patients. Dietary treatment can maintain nutritional status, slow progression of kidney disease, treat complications such as high potassium or high phosphorus level. Diabetic nephropathy diet includes managing blood sugar through carbohydrate control, managing blood pressure by limit sodium or salt intake, and reducing protein intake.

1. Control carbohydrate

Your body’s main energy source is from carbohydrate, but carbohydrate has greatest effect on blood sugar level. To manage blood sugar, you can intake carbohydrate through the day into small meals and snacks and eat a consistent amount from day to day. In daily diet, breads, grains, milk, fruits and sweets are the main sources of carbohydrates . With diabetic nephropathy, you should consult a renal dietitian for an ideal amount of carbohydrate for you on the basis of your weight, activity level, blood sugar and preferences. Blood sugar management contributes to the progression o kidney damage and other diabetes complications.

2. control sodium intake

High sodium intake will worsen high blood pressure and even causes further kidney damage. Therefore, you should follow a low sodium intake. To lower sodium intake, choose fresh or frozen fruits, vegetables and meats. Limit or keep far away from canned foods, processed foods, pickle, bacon and so on.

3. Proper protein intake

Protein is able to build and repair body tissue, while too much protein intake will increase the workload on the kidneys. For diabetic nephropathy patients, they should intake protein depending on their illness conditions. In addition, eating a smaller portions of meat and dairy helps lower phosphorus intake.

4. Low potassium intake

Potassium is able to counteract the effects of sodium on blood pressure. However, damaged kidneys will cause accumulation of potassium in your body, causing high potassium. High potassium can affect heart rhythm. Therefore, if your phosphorus level is over 5 milliequivalents per liter, you should limit potassium intake. For your diet, you should choose low potassium fruits and vegetable such as apples, canned apricots or nectar, grapes, mangoes, pineapples, peaches, cucumber, bell peppers, celery, onions and fresh mushrooms and so on. Avoid high potassium fruits and vegetables like bananas, tomatoes, potatoes, avocado, spinach, vegetable juice, cooked broccoli, etc.

5. Limit Phosphorus intake

plays an important role in healthy bones and keeping blood vessels and muscle working. With damaged kidneys, phosphorus can build up in your body, making bone more brittle and causing itchy skin and bone and joint pain. If your phosphorus level exceeds 4.6 milliequivalents per liter, you should lower phosphorus level in your diet.

Because there is a limit for words, we cannot write all the foods for you. Therefore, if you want to know what you can eat and what you can not eat, you can consult our online experts who will analysis your illness condition and tell what foods you can eat and what foods you can not eat.

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