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Why Patients with Renal Failure Should Avoid High Potassium Foods?

Why Patients with Renal Failure Should Avoid High Potassium Foods?As a kidney failure patient, you must want to know clearly what diet should eat and what should not eat, and the reasons. Here I will introduce briefly about the reason to avoid high potassium foods.

High potassium diet can cause hyperkalemia.

When potassium ion could not be successfully discharged by seriously damaged kidneys, "hyperkalemia" would appear, which may cause finger numbness, fatigue, limb weakness, tight chest, stiff tongue, difficulty speaking, loss of consciousness, serious arrhythmias and cardiac arrest. Inducing factors of hyperkalemia include: 1. inadequate dialysis; 2. Poor appetite; 3. Constipation; 4. the uptake of containing high potassium foods and vegetables. Potassium contents in coffee, tea, chicken extract and Chinese medicine juice can cause hyperkalemia.

High potassium vegetables: green leafy vegetables (such as spinach, swamp cabbage, amaranth, asparagus lettuce), mushrooms, seaweed, kelp, carrot and potato.

High potassium fruits: banana, tomato, dates, oranges, mandarin orange, mango, persimmon, muskmelon, grapefruit, carambola (can easily cause burp),when eating these fruits, it is recommended to mainly take one kind, the appropriate amount weight should be 1 / 6.

Low potassium fruits: pineapple, pawpaw, watermelon, pear, strawberry, lemon, but patients shouldn’t eat too much.

Other suggestions for kidney failure patients:

1. Control salt intake.

Kidney failure patients’ salt intake should not be more than 5g. 1g(1/5 tea spoon) salt=6/5 tea spoon soybean sauce= 1 tea spoon aginomoto, so the seasonings mentioned above shouldn’t be arbitraily used in patients’ diet. Besides, high sodium foods should also be limited, such as processed cans, salted and smoked products, sauce processed vegetables, pickles, salted vegetables, and fast foods.

2. Avoid high phosphorus foods.

High phosphrous foods include:

Whole wheat and related products (such as brown rice, milled rice with embryo, whole wheat bread), offal (liver, kidney and brain), nuts (peanuts, cashews, walnuts) and butter products (peanut butter), chocolate, egg yolk, milk, and diary products.

If you also have any problem about the diet, you can leave message to our online experts for detail information. In daily life, you should pay highly attention to the notice and take care of yourself. Good luck to you.

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